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Juliusz Bogdan Deczkowski „Laudański”

Cadet Sgt. Juliusz Bogdan Deczkowski "Laudański" was born 20 April 1924 in Bydgoszcz. Up until the outburst of World War II, he was a student at Władysław Giżycki Secondary School and High School. In the first days of September 1939, he fulfilled his service as a courier in the Scout War Alert organization. During the occupation, when German authorities closed Polish high schools, he attended Władysław Giżycki Private School for Gardening, in which Tadeusz Reytan Secondary School and High School secretly operated. In fall 1939, he began scout service in the “Gray Ranks” (“Szare szeregi”). He was one of the conspiracy organizers of the scout deputies at the Giżycki School. On 9 May 1941, he was arrested for pasting patriotic fliers and placed in Pawiak prison. He was released after 9 months, and immediately joined the conspiracy. From November 1942 with the assault troops of the “Gray Ranks”, he was trained as an individual rifleman, participated in secret high school courses, and completed “Agricola” Infantry Reserve Cadet School. He was the Scouter of the third troop of platoon “Alek” in the “Zośka” Battalion. He took part in the liberation of the Gęsiówka concentration camp. He was wounded on 8 August, during battle over the Evangelical cemetery. He crossed the sewer canals from Old Town to City Centre. In the night over 20-21 September, he swam across the Vistula, from Czerniaków to Saska Kępa. In order to avoid arrest, he enlisted into the Berling Army, with which he was sent to Lublin. On 23 January 1945, when heard of the capital’s liberation, he deserted them. After returning to Warsaw for safety reasons, Deczkowski took the name of his brother Stanisław, who was killed during the Uprising. In 1945, he completed his high school finals, and went on to study at Warsaw University, in the Department of Mathematics-Physics-Chemistry. He involved in the exhumation and burials of his fallen friends of “Zośka” Battalion. After Lt. “Radosław’s” call, he  revealed his identity before the Liquidation Committee of the former Home Army, and returned to his true name. 14 January 1949, Deczkowski was arrested by officers of the UB (Department of Security). He stayed in the Warsaw-Mokotów prison, and later, after a verdict stating his “aspiration to overthrow by force the political system of the Polish People’s Republic”, in the prisons of Wronki and Bielawa, where he worked in the quarries. He was released after four years, and returned to his University. The High Court’s verdict from 29 December 1956 stated his acquittal . Deczkowski worked in Warsaw’s pharmaceutical institutes, and later at  Warsaw University of Technology. He was the long-term director of United Economic Companies (INCO) and the editor of “Tworzywa sztuczne w medycynie” (“Plastics in Medicine”). He remained active in the circle of “Zośka” former soldiers. He co-created  “Pamiętniki żołnierzy baonu “Zośka’” (Journals of the soldiers in “Zośka” battalion), was the author of several publication relating to the Grey Ranks and “Zośka”, as well as the co-founder of the Social Committee for the Protection of Graves of Fallen “Zośka” Battalion Soldiers. Deczkowski died 22 June 1998 in Ciechocinek.

 

  • The collection of Juliusz Bogdan Deczkowski includes photographs taken in Warsaw in 1945, as well as from the 1960s through to the 1980s. The photographs from 1945 show the ashes of the ghetto from St. Augustine’s church on Nowolipie Street, as well as Zośka Battalion’s route through Old Town and Czerniaków. Among them are also several photos of the February 1945 funeral of Andrzej Romocki (pseud. ‘Morro’) in the Powazki Military Cemetery. A later series of photographs, also taken in the Powązki Cemetery, show beech crosses with the names of Zośka battalion soldiers, and the restoration of the graves of the members of Deczkowski’s former battalion.

 

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