A
A
A
search
other languages English Polski Deutsch
Return
Eugeniusz Lokajski „Brok”

2Lt. Eugeniusz Lokajski „Brok” was born 14 December 1908 in Warsaw. When he was 16, Lokajski entered the “Warszawianka” sports club, where he trained in running, swimming, and football. In 1928, he passed his final exam in evangelical Mikołaj Rej High School and began his undergraduate studies at the Warsaw School of Economics. In the years 1931-1932, he served his military duty at Infantry Reserve Cadet School in Zambrów. After his return to Warsaw, he took up studies at the Central Institute of Physical Education (CIWF), where in 1939 he became an assistant  instructor of athletics. During this time, he also took up a physical education teaching post at his former high school. In the years, 1934-1937, he achieved many sports related successes: Polish championship in javelin throwing (1934); vice world pentathlon championship in Budapest (1935); Polish record in javelin throwing – undefeated for 17 years (1936); participated in 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin; won in javelin throwing in athletics trimatch Greece – Poland – Czechoslovakia held in Athens (1937). In September 1939, he was the platoon commander of 35th Infantry Regiment in the Brześć area. Captured in October 1939, Lokajski escaped to Warsaw. In the first years of the occupation, he hid in Paprotnia near Warsaw, working as a labourer. He later organized a photographic studio on Berezyńska Street in Saska Kępa neighbourhood, and made his living off of theatre photography. In 1942, he opened a photographic studio in his mother’s apartment at 2 Łucka Street in the City Centre. He began his part in the  conspiracy working at “ Piont of washing and bathing” by Vistula river, named so to deceive occupation authorities, as an instructor of physical education, which was forbidden by Germans to teach Polish students. He also taught in secret lectures in CIWF. During this time, he officially worked as a gymnastics teacher at Mikołaj Rej Private Primary School. From January 1944, sworn in as a solider of the Home Army, he replaced his brother, Józef, who was killed 23 December 1943 during an attack with the Germans. Lokajski became the platoon commander of 3 Praga Company, which was part of I Battalion III Region Rembertów, VII Home Army District “Obroża”. During the Uprising, he was a liaison officer of “Koszta” Company; and from 30 August its commander. He had the right “to carry and use a photography and film camera”. Lokajski shot images in the City Centre and developed them in the apartment of his sister, Zofia Domańska, who stored his negatives. On either August 21 or 22, a short film of his, showing the assault on the PAST (Polish Telephone Joint-stock Company) building, an important place of German defence, was screened in the “Palladium” cinema. On September 25, nearing the Uprising capitulation, he was assigned to the Home Army Headquarters, in order to shoot pictures for false documents, which were to help insurgents evacuate the city with the civilians. That day Lokajski was killed in the bombardment of 129 Marszałkowska Street, where a photo store was located.

 

  • In his photographs, Lokajski captured probably all of the most important aspects of the Warsaw Uprising: insurgent battles and everyday civilian life; barricades and field hospitals; insurgent weddings and bombardment victim burials. With a Leica camera, gained in the first days of fight, he documented City Centre North: from Królewska Street to Napoleon Square; from Tamka Street to Bagno Street. The largest series of photographs showcase the seize of PAST building on August 20. His photographs were often published in post-war publications. Lokajski was the author of the most recognizable portraits of insurgents, couriers, and paramedics.
MPW-IN/86
MPW-IN/86
MPW-IN/87
MPW-IN/87
MPW-IN/88
MPW-IN/88
MPW-IN/89
MPW-IN/89
MPW-IN/90
MPW-IN/90
MPW-IN/91
MPW-IN/91
MPW-IN/92
MPW-IN/92
MPW-IN/93
MPW-IN/93
MPW-IN/94
MPW-IN/94
MPW-IN/95
MPW-IN/95
MPW-IN/96
MPW-IN/96
MPW-IN/97
MPW-IN/97
close